Background: Peak exercise capacity (VO2peak) is a measure of the severity of chronic heart failure (CHF); however, few indices of resting cardiopulmonary function have been shown to predict VO2peak. A prolonged circulation time has been suggested as an index of increased severity of CHF. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between resting lung-to-lung circulation time (LLCT) and VO2peak in CHF. Methods and Results: Thirty CHF patients (59 ± 13 years, New York Heart Association: 1.9 ± 1.0) undertook the study. Each subject completed resting pulmonary and echocardiography measures and an incremental exercise test. LLCT was measured using the reappearance of end-tidal acetylene (PET,C2H2) after a single inhalation. Univariate and multivariate stepwise linear regression was used to determine the predictors of VO2peak. Univariate correlates of VO2peak (group mean 1.53 ± 0.44 L/min-1) included LLCT (r = -0.75), inspiratory capacity (r = 0.41), ejection fraction (r = 0.33), peak early flow velocity (r = -0.39), and the ratio of early to late flow velocity (r = -0.31). LLCT was the only independent predictor where VO2peak = 3.923-0.045 (LLCT); r2 = 54%. Conclusions: These results suggest that resting LLCT determined using the soluble inert gas technique represents a simple, noninvasive method that provides additional information regarding exercise capacity in CHF.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by National Institute of Health grant HL7 14878, the National Heart Foundation (Grant in Aid G 04B 1497), and Heart Foundation Research Centre, Griffith University.
- exercise capacity
- heart failure