The role of antibodies in dysfunction of pig-to-baboon pulmonary transplants

Christine L. Lau, William C. Daggett, Mark F. Yeatman, Paul Chai, Shu S. Lin, Andrew J. Lodge, Edward P. Chen, Lisa E. Diamond, Guerard W. Byrne, John S. Logan, William Parker, Jeffrey L. Platt, R. Duane Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Pulmonary transplantation has become the preferred treatment for end-stage lung disease, but application of the procedure is limited because of a paucity of donors. One way to solve donor limitations is to use animal organs as a donor source or xenotransplantation. The current barrier to pulmonary xenotransplantation is the rapid failure of the pulmonary xenograft. Although antibodies are known to play a role in heart and kidney xenograft rejection, their involvement in lung dysfunction is less defined. This project was designed to define the role of antibodies in pulmonary graft rejection in a pig-to-baboon model. Methods: Orthotopic transgenic swine left lung transplants were performed in baboons depleted of antibodies by one of three techniques before transplantation: (1) ex vivo swine kidney perfusion, (2) total immunoglobulin-depleting column perfusion, and (3) ex vivo swine lung perfusion. Results were compared with those of transgenic swine lung transplants in unmodified baboons. Results: All three techniques of antibody removal resulted in depletion of xenoreactive antibodies. Only pretransplantation lung perfusion improved pulmonary xenograft function compared with lung transplantation in unmodified baboons. Conclusions: The pathogenesis of pulmonary injury in a swine-to-primate transplant model is different from that in renal and cardiac xenografts. Depletion of antibodies alone does not have a beneficial effect and may actually be detrimental.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

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