The role of bacteria on heavy-metal extraction and uptake by plants growing on multi-metal-contaminated soils

R. A. Abou-Shanab, K. Ghanem, N. Ghanem, A. Al-Kolaibe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four bacterial isolates were examined for their ability to increase the availability of water soluble Cu, Cr, Pb and Zn in soils and for their effect on metals uptake by Zea mays and Sorghum bicolor. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was used to show that the bacterial cultures were genetically diverse. Bacterial isolates S3, S28, S22 and S29 had 16S rRNA gene sequences that were most similar to Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus pumilus, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes and Brevibacterium halotolerans based on 100% similarity in their 16S rDNA gene sequence, respectively. Filtrate liquid media that had supported B. pumilus and B. subtilis growth significantly increased Cr and Cu extraction from soil polluted with tannery effluent and from Cu-rich soil, respectively, compared to axenic media. The highest concentrations of Pb (0.2 g kg-1), Zn (4 g kg-1) and Cu (2 g kg-1) were accumulated in shoots of Z. mays grown on Cu-rich soil inoculated with Br. halotolerans. The highest concentration of Cr (5 g kg-1) was accumulated in S. bicolor roots grown in tannery-effluent-polluted soil inoculated with a mixed inoculum of bacterial strains. These results show that bacteria play an important role in increasing metal availability in soil, thus enhancing Cr, Pb, Zn and Cu accumulation by Z. mays and S. bicolor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-262
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA
  • Bacteria
  • Metal uptake
  • RAPD
  • Sorghum bicolor
  • Zea mays

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