The manganese-dependent 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate 2,3-dioxygenase (MndD) from Arthrobacter globiformis CM-2 is an extradiol-cleaving catechol dioxygenase that catalyzes aromatic ring cleavage of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate (DHPA). Based on the recent crystal structure of the MndD-DHPA complex, a series of site-directed mutations were made at a conserved second-sphere residue, histidine 200, to gain insight into and clarify the role this residue plays in the Mn(II)-dependent catalytic mechanism. In this study, we report the activities and spectroscopic data of these H200 variants and their DHPA and 4-nitrocatechol (4-NC) complexes. The data collected from wild-type and mutant MndDs are consistent with a role for H200 interacting with a manganese-bound dioxygen moiety and are inconsistent with other previously proposed roles involving proton transfer. Spectroscopic observations, including unique low-field EPR signals found when DHPA and 4-NC are bound to the Mn(II) center of MndD, are discussed and their relationship to dioxygen activation catalyzed in MndD is explored.
- Dioxygen activation
- Electron paramagnetic resonance
- Extradiol-cleaving catechol dioxygenase
- Mononuclear nonheme manganese active center