The Significance of Insecure and Disorganized Attachment for Children's Internalizing Symptoms: A Meta-Analytic Study

Ashley M. Groh, Glenn I. Roisman, Marinus H. van Ijzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, R. Pasco Fearon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

268 Scopus citations

Abstract

This meta-analytic review examines the association between attachment and internalizing symptomatology during childhood, and compares the strength of this association with that for externalizing symptomatology. Based on 42 independent samples (N=4,614), the association between insecurity and internalizing symptoms was small, yet significant (d=0.15, CI 0.06~0.25) and not moderated by assessment age of internalizing problems. Avoidance, but not resistance (d=0.03, CI -0.11~0.17) or disorganization (d=0.08, CI -0.06~0.22), was significantly associated with internalizing symptoms (d=0.17, CI 0.03~0.31). Insecurity and disorganization were more strongly associated with externalizing than internalizing symptoms. Discussion focuses on the significance of attachment for the development of internalizing versus externalizing symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-610
Number of pages20
JournalChild development
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

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