The Spanish Language 5-Item Oral Health Impact Profile

Miguel Simancas-Pallares, Mike T. John, Christopher Enstad, Patricia Lenton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To test validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the 5-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-Sp5). Methods: Spanish-speaking dental patients (n = 331, response rate = 61%, age: 42.9 + 12.3 years, 59% female) with a scheduled appointment at HealthPartners dental clinics in Minnesota, USA, were investigated. To assess score reliability, we computed Cronbach’s alpha, expecting ‘good’ reliability (alpha > 0.70). To assess score validity, we correlated the OHIP-Sp5 summary score with five OHRQoL measures [49- and 14-item OHIP-Sp, the Spanish version of the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-Sp), the Spanish version of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP-Sp) and a Global Oral Health Assessment]. We expected a pattern of ‘very large’ (r > 0.70) correlation coefficients for OHIP-Sp5 relationships with the two longer OHIP-Sp versions and ‘large’ (r > 0.50) correlation coefficients for the other three measures. Results: Patients had a mean OHIP-Sp5 score of 3.7 (SD = 4.0). The Instrument’s reliability was, as expected, ‘good’, according to the Cronbach’s alpha statistic of 0.83. The Instrument’s validity was supported by the expected pattern of validity coefficients. OHIP-Sp5 summary scores correlated with OHIP-Sp14 as well as with OHIP-Sp49 (both r = 0.95: ‘very large’ effect) and with GOHAI-Sp, OIDP and the Global Oral Health Assessment with r = −0.80, 0.73, and −0.56 (absolute effect magnitude all ‘very large’ or ‘large’), respectively. Conclusions: The Spanish version of OHIP-5 is a brief and psychometrically sound instrument to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Spanish-speaking populations. It can effectively replace longer OHIP instruments and would be applicable across all settings of clinical practice and research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalInternational dental journal
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Ms. Kathleen Patka, Executive Office and Administrative Specialist, Division of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA, for proofreading the manuscript. Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R01DE022331.

Funding Information:
We thank Ms. Kathleen Patka, Executive Office and Administrative Specialist, Division of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA, for proofreading the manuscript. Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R01DE022331.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 FDI World Dental Federation

Keywords

  • Validation studies
  • patient outcome assessment
  • psychometrics
  • quality of life

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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