This paper presents an asymptotic statistical analysis of the null-spectra of two eigen-assisted methods, MUSIC  and Mini- , for resolving independent closely spaced plane waves in noise. Particular attention is paid to the average deviation of the null-spectra from zero at the true angles of arrival for the plane waves. These deviations are expressed as functions of signal-to-noise ratios, number of array elements, angular separation of emitters, and the number of snapshots. In the case of MUSIC, an approximate expression is derived for the resolution threshold of two plane waves with equal power in noise. This result is validated by Monte Carlo simulations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing|
|State||Published - Apr 1986|