We created a Thrsp (Spot 14 or S14) null mouse (Thrsptm1cnm) to study the role of Thrsp in de novo lipid synthesis. The Thrsp null mouse exhibits marked deficiencies in de novo lipogenesis in the lactating mammary gland. We now report the Thrsp gene deletion affects body weight and glucose tolerance associated with increased insulin sensitivity. By post-natal day 150 the rate of first generation C57BL/6J backcross Thrsp null mouse weight gain slowed compared to wild type animals. This was due to changes in body fat mass. We studied mice backcrossed for 5 and 11 generations. The weight difference between the null and wild type adult mice diminished with progressive backcross generations. In conclusion the Thrsp gene is involved in the regulation of diet-induced obesity and deletion of Thrsp leads to an improvement in age associated glucose tolerance.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported, in part, by NIH P30-DK50456 and T32-DK007203.
- Glucose tolerance
- Insulin sensitivity
- Spot 14