Objectives This study aimed to investigate how use of a fiber sleeve may reduce interfacial debonding and improve fracture strength of pulpless teeth with flared root canals. Methods Pulpless premolars with flared root canals were restored either with a fiber-reinforced post (FRP) alone or with an FRP wrapped in a hollow tubular fiber sleeve. A normal root restored with an FRP alone served as a control. The integrity of resin-dentin and resin-fiber interfaces in the restored roots was evaluated by a stereoscopic system after penetrating a dye. Four roots were tested for each experimental group. Fracture resistance in pulpless premolars with flared root canals restored with an FRP alone or with an FRP/sleeve combination were investigated under bonded and non-bonded conditions with static fracture testing (n = 8), and stress distribution in these restored premolars were tested by finite element analysis (FEA). Results Flared root canals restored with an FRP/sleeve combination demonstrated superior integrity at the cervical resin-dentin interface to root canals with an FRP alone. Premolars with a flared root canal restored with an FRP/sleeve combination showed significantly greater fracture resistance compared with premolars restored with an FRP alone. FEA showed that once interfacial de-bonding extended to the cervical region of the root, stress concentration in the root dentin dramatically increased. Significance The FRP/sleeve combination was effective in reducing debonding and, hence, improving the fracture strength of pulpless premolars with flared root canals.
- ANOVA analysis of variance
- Abbreviations FPR fiber-reinforced post
- FEA finite element analysis