Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy, often characterized by poor prognosis following standard induction therapy. The hypomethylating agent decitabine (DAC) is an alternative treatment for elderly and relapsed/refractory AML patients, yet responses following DAC monotherapy are still modest. The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) receptor CD105 (endoglin) is expressed in various hematopoietic malignancies, and high CD105 expression correlates with poor prognosis in AML patients. Using a xenograft model, we have recently demonstrated that targeting CD105+ AML blasts with the TRC105 monoclonal antibody inhibits leukemia progression. Here we investigated whether administration of TRC105 along with DAC could represent a novel therapeutic option for relapsed/refractory AML. Our data show that the DAC/TRC105 combination results in a more durable anti-leukemic effect in AML xenografts compared to DAC monotherapy. Moreover, the DAC/TRC105 combination enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity, which correlated with reduced leukemia burden. RNA-sequencing studies suggest that TRC105 may alter TGF-β activity in AML blasts. Taken together, these findings provide rationale for the clinical evaluation of TRC105 in combination with DAC in AML patients.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.S. Miller was supported by National Institutes of Health ( P01 CA111412 ). J. Baik was supported by National Institutes of Health ( 2T32HL007062 ). R. Perlingeiro was supported by TRACON Pharmaceutical and Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota .
- Cancer research
- Cell biology
- Molecular biology
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article