Methane monooxygenase (MMO) contains a binuclear iron cluster that forms a bis-μ-oxo Fe(IV)2intermediate termed compound Q (Q) which has previously been shown to be the species that oxidizes methane to form methanol. This report summarizes the results from transient kinetic studies that were used to study the temperature dependence of the rate of Q decay as a function of substrate type, concentration, and deuteration. The Arrhenius plots for the rate of Q decay in the presence of methane were found to be nonlinear with both the temperature and rate at which the break is observed dependent upon methane concentration. In contrast, the Arrhenius plots for the reaction of Q with alternate substrates such as ethane and propane are linear. An analysis of the thermodynamic activation parameters in combination with the deuterium kinetic isotope effects (KIE) suggests that the reaction between Q and the substrate occurs in two steps, one being substrate binding and the other CH bond cleavage.
- Compound Q
- Methane monooxygenase