The third-order optical nonlinearity in carbon nanotubes (CNT) exposed to an intensive external electromagnetic field has been investigated. The analysis is based on the quantum kinetic equations for the density matrix of π-electrons in CNT. In the regime of weak driving field, the kinetic equations have been solved by the perturbation method and the third-order nonlinear polarizability of different achiral CNTs has been calculated. The theory elaborated has been used for the evaluation of nonlinear susceptibility of CNT-based composites. Comparison with available experimental data has been presented. In the case of high intensive driving field a nonperturbative numerical simulation of the process has been carried out in the time domain. The axial current density in CNT has been calculated. Excitation of π-plasmons in CNTs has been analyzed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research was partially supported by INTAS and the State Committee for the Science and Technology of Belarus under project 03-50-4409, and by the NATO Science for Peace Program under project SfP-981051. A.M.N. acknowledges World Federation of Scientists, and PhD fellowship INTAS Ref. No. 05-109-4595.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Carbon nanotubes
- Optical properties