Photochemical reactions which can be activated by the simultaneous absorption of two photons provide a means for single-step fabrication of complex three-dimensional microstructures. These types of structures are needed for a wide range of applications, including microfluidics, electrooptics, and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). We have shown that chromophores can be engineered to have both large two-photon absorptivities as well as an efficient means for activating chemical processes, such as radical polymerization, subsequent to the photoexcitation. Chromophores designed following this strategy two-photon-activate the radical polymerization of acrylates at lower incident laser powers than conventional UV initiators. Efficient two-photon photopolymer resins based on these chromophores were used in the fabrication of complex microarchitectures, such as photonic bandgap structures and tapered waveguides. We have devised a strategy which allows this approach to be extended to other chemical systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
|Event||Micro- and Nano-Photonic Materials and Devices - San Jose, CA, USA|
Duration: Jan 27 2000 → Jan 28 2000