Toric intraocular lens orientation and residual refractive astigmatism: An analysis

Rick Potvin, Brent A. Kramer, David R. Hardten, John P. Berdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Purpose: To analyze intraocular lens (IOL) orientation data from an online toric back-calculator ( for determining if differences were apparent by lens type. Methods: A retrospective review of toric back-calculations that included IOL identification and intended orientation axis. Results: Of 12,812 total validated calculation records, 8,229 included intended orientation and lens identification data. Of the latter, 5,674 calculations (69%) involved lenses oriented 5° or more from their intended position. Using estimated toric lens usage data, the percentage of lenses with orientation ≥5° from intended was 0.89% overall, but the percentage varied significantly between specific toric lens brands (P<0.05). The percentage of back-calculations related to lenses that were not oriented as intended was also statistically significantly different by lens brand (P<0.05). When IOLs were misoriented, they were significantly more likely to be misoriented in a counterclockwise direction (P<0.05). This was found to be due to a bias toward counterclockwise orientation observed with one specific brand, a bias that was not observed with the other three brands analyzed here. Conclusion: The percentage of eyes with lens orientation ≥5° from intended in the Toric Results Analyzer data set was <1% of toric IOLs in general, with the relative percentage of Tecnis ® Toric IOLs significantly higher than AcrySof ® Toric IOLs. Both of these had higher rates than the Staar ® Toric and Trulign ® Toric lenses, with the availability of higher Tecnis and AcrySof cylinder powers a likely contributing factor. The AcrySof Toric IOL appears to be less likely than the Tecnis Toric IOL to cause residual astigmatism as a result of misori-entation. The Tecnis Toric IOL appears more likely to be misoriented in a counterclockwise direction; no such bias was observed with the AcrySof Toric, the Trulign ® Toric, or the Staar Toric IOLs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1829-1836
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Ophthalmology
StatePublished - Sep 20 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Potvin et al.


  • AcrySof
  • Cylinder
  • Rotation
  • Tecnis
  • Toric back calculator

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