Toward a shared language for competency-based medical education

Robert Englander, Jason R. Frank, Carol Carraccio, Jonathan Sherbino, Shelley Ross, Linda Snell, on behalf of the ICBME Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The paradigm shift brought about by the advent of competency-based medical education (CBME) can be characterized as an adaptive change. Currently, its development and implementation suffer from the lack of a lingua franca. A shared language is needed to support collaboration and dissemination across the world community of medical educators. The International CBME Collaborators held a second summit in 2013 to explore this and other contemporary CBME issues. We present the resulting International CBME Collaborator’s glossary of CBME terms. Particular attention is given to the terms competency, entrustable professional activity (EPA), and milestone and their interrelationships. Medical education scholars and enthusiasts of the competency-based approach are encouraged to adopt these terms and definitions, although no doubt the vocabulary of CBME will continue to evolve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-587
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


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