Background: To increase the success rate in xenogeneic islet transplantation, proper assessment of graft mass is required following transplantation. For this reason, we aimed to develop a suitable fluorescence imaging system to monitor islet xenograft survival in diabetic mice. Methods: Adenovirus vector encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein-transduced rat pancreatic islets were transplanted under the renal capsule of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and the fluorescence signal was quantified over time using a cooled charge-coupled device. Non-fasting blood glucose levels were recorded during the same period. Insulin release from transduced and control islets was detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Adenovirus vector encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein infection did not alter the function or survival of pancreatic islets post transduction. A direct correlation was found between the number of islets (250-750) transplanted under the kidney capsule and the blood glucose recovery. Conclusions: Fluorescence imaging appears to be a useful tool for quantitative assessment of islet cell viability post transplantation and could permit earlier detection of graft rejection.
- In vivo imaging
- Type 1 diabetes
- Xenogeneic islet transplantation