The objective of this study was to assess the immediate and mid-term results of transcatheter closure of postinfarct muscular ventricular septal defects (VSDs) using the new Amplatzer postinfarct muscular VSD device (PIMVSD). Ventricular septal rupture occurs in 0.2% of myocardial infarcts and remains associated with very high morbidity and mortality. Data were prospectively collected for 18 patients who underwent attempted device closure of postinfarction VSDs between 2000 and 2003. Five patients underwent the closure in the acute phase (within 6 days from the infarct); the remaining patients underwent closure on day 14-95 after the diagnosis of the infarct. Outcome parameters included procedural success, evidence of residual shunts on echocardiography, and occurrence of procedure-related complications. The procedure was successful in deploying a device across the VSD in 16 of 18 patients. The 30-day mortality was 28%. Eleven patients are still alive and have been followed up for a median of 332 days. Two patients required a second procedure to close a residual VSD. At the most recent outpatient follow-up, the VSD was completely closed in two patients, six patients had a trivial or small residual shunt, and two patients had a moderate residual shunt. We conclude that percutaneous device closure of postinfarction VSDs using the Amplatzer PIMVSD occluder appears to be safe and effective. Further trials are required to assess long-term efficacy and compare the results with those of surgical closure.
- Myocardial infarction
- Ventricular septal rupture