Transforming growth factor-β1-modulated cerebral gene expression

Sylvain E Lesne, Sophie Blanchet, Fabian Docagne, Géraldine Liot, Laurent Plawinski, Eric T. MacKenzie, Charles Auffray, Alain Buisson, Geneviève Piétu, Denis Vivien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays a central role in the response of the brain to different types of injury. Increased TGF-β1 has been found in the central nervous system of patients with acute or chronic disorders such as stroke or Alzheimer disease. To further define the molecular targets of TGF-β1 in cerebral tissues, a selection of high-density cDNA arrays was used to characterize the mRNA expression profile of 7,000 genes in transgenic mice overexpressing TGF-β1 from astrocytes as compared with the wild-type line. Selected findings were further evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions from independent transgenic and wild-type mice. Furthermore, the expression pattern of seven selected genes such as Delta-1, CRADD, PRSC-1, PAI-1, Apo-I/Fas, CTS-B, and TβR-II were confirmed in either cultured cortical neurons or astrocytes following TGF-β1 treatment. The authors' observations enlarge the repertoire of known TGF-β1-modulated genes and their possible involvement in neurodegenerative processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1123
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cDNA macroarray
  • Gene expression
  • RT-PCR
  • TGF-β1 transgenic mice

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