Transmission of proliferative enteritis to swine by use of embryonating chicken eggs.

G. F. Jones, G. E. Ward, Jim Collins, Connie J Gebhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Embryonating eggs were inoculated with filtered porcine ileal mucosa containing intracellular curved rods (ICR) and incubated for 4 to 6 days. Three of 12 pigs given the eggs per os developed microscopic lesions of proliferative enteritis (PE). Nonchallenge-exposed control pigs did not develop lesions of PE. Four of six positive control pigs given ileal mucosa from pigs with PE also developed microscopic lesions of PE. All of the PE lesions were found in pigs necropsied 10 to 29 days after challenge exposure. None of the swine in the study had clinical signs or gross lesions of PE. Campylobacter spp were isolated from pigs with and without exposure to the ileal mucosa from pigs with PE. There was no relationship between Campylobacter spp isolation and development of lesions. Deoxyribonucleic acids extracted from embryonating chicken eggs injected with the equivalent of 0.5 mg of mucosal lesions and incubated for 4 days hybridized to a DNA probe specific for the ICR, whereas DNA extracted from 1.5 mg of mucosal homogenates of the same proliferative tissue did not hybridize with the same probe. Results of these experiments indicated that ICR injected into eggs remained infective for pigs and suggest replication of ICR in the first-passage eggs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1256-1261
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume54
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1993

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