Transmit solutions for MIMO wiretap channels using alternating optimization

Qiang Li, Mingyi Hong, Hoi To Wai, Ya Feng Liu, Wing Kin Ma, Zhi-Quan Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper considers transmit optimization in multi-input multi-output (MIMO) wiretap channels, wherein we aim at maximizing the secrecy capacity or rate of an MIMO channel overheard by one or multiple eavesdroppers. Such optimization problems are nonconvex, and appear to be difficult especially in the multi-eavesdropper scenario. In this paper, we propose an alternating optimization (AO) approach to tackle these secrecy optimization problems. We first consider the secrecy capacity maximization (SCM) problem in the single eavesdropper scenario. An AO algorithm is derived through a judicious SCM reformulation. The algorithm conducts some kind of reweighting and water-filling in an alternating fashion, and thus is computationally efficient to implement. We also prove that the AO algorithm is guaranteed to converge to a Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) point of the SCM problem. Then, we turn our attention to the multiple eavesdropper scenario, where the artificial noise (AN)-aided secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem is considered. Although the AN-aided SRM problem has a more complex problem structure than the previous SCM, we show that AO can be extended to deal with the former, wherein the problem is handled by solving convex problems in an alternating fashion. Again, the resulting AO method is proven to have KKT point convergence guarantee. For fast implementation, a custom-designed AO algorithm based on smoothing and projected gradient is also derived. The secrecy rate performance and computational efficiency of the proposed algorithms are demonstrated by simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6584932
Pages (from-to)1714-1727
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 9 2013

Keywords

  • Physical-layer secrecy
  • artificial noise
  • iterative water-filling
  • secrecy capacity

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