Abstract: To determine if treatment of non-obstructing urolithiasis is effective in management of recurrent UTI. Materials and methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing elective management of non-struvite upper tract urinary calculi with recurrent UTI from 2009 to 2016. Recurrent UTI was defined at ≥ 3 UTI in 12 months, with symptoms and documented urine culture. Preoperative CT was performed in all patients to determine stone burden. All patients had postoperative imaging and ≥ 12 months of follow-up. Pre- and postoperative variables were between patients who had recurrent UTI after treatment versus those who did not. Results: 46 patients met inclusion criteria. 42 (91.3%) were female. Median age was 63.7 years (IQR 49.1, 73.4) and median total stone burden was 20 mm (IQR 14–35). Within the cohort, 20 (43.5%) underwent ureteroscopy only, 26 (56.5%) underwent PCNL ± URS, and none underwent ESWL. Median postoperative follow-up was 2.9 years (IQR 2.0, 4.3). Only five patients (10.9%) had recurrent UTI after treatment. 80% were with the preoperative pathogen. The presence of residual stone was an independent risk factor for recurrent UTI after treatment (p < 0.046). Diabetes, hypertension, immunosuppression and chronic kidney disease were not. Conclusions: Stone removal for patients with recurrent UTIs was associated with a high rate of success (89.1%) in elimination of further recurrent UTIs. Residual fragments are independently associated with persistent recurrent UTIs and thus, complete stone removal is of paramount importance in treatment of this patient population.
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© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
- Urinary tract infections
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article