Treatment with glucocorticoids or calcineurin inhibitors in primary FSGS

Louis Philippe Laurin, Adil M. Gasim, Caroline J. Poulton, Susan L. Hogan, J. Charles Jennette, Ronald J. Falk, Bethany J. Foster, Patrick H. Nachman

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives In primary FSGS, calcineurin inhibitors have primarily been studied in patients deemed resistant to glucocorticoid therapy. Fewdata are available about their use early in the treatment of FSGS. We sought to estimate the association between choice of therapy and ESRD in primary FSGS. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We used an inception cohort of patients diagnosed with primary FSGS by kidney biopsy between 1980 and 2012. Factors associatedwith initiation of therapywere identified using logistic regression. Time–dependent Cox models were performed to compare time to ESRD between different therapies. Results In total, 458 patients were studied (173 treated with glucocorticoids alone, 90 treated with calcineurin inhibitors with or without glucocorticoids, 12 treated with other agents, and 183 not treated with immunosuppressives). Tip lesion variant, absence of severe renal dysfunction (eGFR$30 ml/min per 1.73 m2), and hypoalbuminemia were associatedwith a higher likelihood of exposure to any immunosuppressive therapy. Only tip lesion was associated with initiation of glucocorticoids alone over calcineurin inhibitors. With adjusted Cox regression, immunosuppressive therapy with glucocorticoids and/or calcineurin inhibitors was associated with better renal survival than no immunosuppression (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.28 to 0.86). Calcineurin inhibitors with or without glucocorticoids were not significantly associated with a lower likelihood of ESRD compared with glucocorticoids alone (hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.15 to 1.18). Conclusions The use of immunosuppressive therapywith calcineurin inhibitors and/or glucocorticoids as part of the early immunosuppressive regimen in primary FSGS was associated with improved renal outcome, but the superiority of calcineurin inhibitors over glucocorticoids alone remained unproven.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2016

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