Tree species diversity enhances plant-soil interactions in a temperate forest in northeast China

Anvar Sanaei, Zuoqiang Yuan, Arshad Ali, Michel Loreau, Akira S. Mori, Peter B. Reich, Tommaso Jucker, Fei Lin, Ji Ye, Shuai Fang, Zhanqing Hao, Xugao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The plant-soil interactions may drive the diversity and functioning of forests, but we do not fully understand how interrelationships between plant and soil compartments are underlined by multiple ecological mechanisms. Here, we hypothesize that positive plant-soil interactions enhance biodiversity and functioning in a temperate forest. To do so, we tested the relationships between plant diversity (i.e., tree and herb species richness) and functions (i.e., coarse woody productivity and litterfall productivity), and soil diversity (i.e. bacterial, fungal and nematode) and functions (i.e. soil nutrient and carbon stock), and their interrelationships in a temperate forest in northeast China. The positive relationship between diversity and functioning was predominant within plant and soil compartments, and hence, provide support to the niche complementarity effect. As such, the positive interrelationships between the diversity of soil and plant compartments provide support to the positive plant-soil interactions. Tree species diversity was positively related with herb species diversity and coarse-woody productivity. Importantly, tree species diversity had pronounced positive effect on soil biodiversity resulting in increased soil carbon stocks, indicating that tree species diversity effect matters for linking positive interrelationships between plant and soil compartments of a temperate forest. This study shows that tree diversity effect is the main regulating biotic mechanism for linking the positive connections between plant and soil compartments of a temperate forest, and hence, the niche complementarity effect can enhance forest functioning through positive interactions on resource supply. We argue that linking the multiple key functions and diversity indices of forests can enhance our knowledge on the main influential factors and underlying ecological mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119160
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Volume491
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31961133027, 31770666 and 41671050), Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB 31030000), Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (ZDBS-LY-DQC019) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (2017241), the LiaoNing Revitalization Talents Program (Grant XLYC1807039) and the K. C. Wong Education Foundation. A. Ali is supported by the Jiangsu Science and Technology Special Project for Introducing Foreign Talents – “Foreign Expert Hundred People Program” (Grant No. BX2019084), and Metasequoia Faculty Research Startup Funding at Nanjing Forestry University (Grant No. 163010230). M. Loreau was supported by the TULIP Laboratory of Excellence (ANR-10-LABX-41).

Funding Information:
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31961133027, 31770666 and 41671050), Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB 31030000), Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences (ZDBS-LY-DQC019) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (2017241), the LiaoNing Revitalization Talents Program (Grant XLYC1807039) and the K. C. Wong Education Foundation. A. Ali is supported by the Jiangsu Science and Technology Special Project for Introducing Foreign Talents ? ?Foreign Expert Hundred People Program? (Grant No. BX2019084), and Metasequoia Faculty Research Startup Funding at Nanjing Forestry University (Grant No. 163010230). M. Loreau was supported by the TULIP Laboratory of Excellence (ANR-10-LABX-41).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • Biodiversity-function relationship
  • Forest productivity
  • Litterfall productivity
  • Soil carbon stock
  • Soil nutrient
  • Temperate forest

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