Trial of vaginal breech delivery: Current role

Yasuko Yamamura, Kirk D. Ramin, Susan M. Ramin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Breech presentation occurs at term in approximately 3% to 4% of singleton gestations. This presentation is associated with a variety of maternal and fetal conditions including preterm labor, abnormal amniotic fluid volume, hydrocephaly, anencephaly, mullerian anomalies, abnormal placentation, and multifetal gestation. Cesarean delivery has been associated with increased risk of subsequent accreta, placenta previa, hemorrhage, and hysterectomy. The Term Breech Trial initially suggested that planned vaginal breech delivery is associated with increased neonatal morbidity and mortality compared with planned cesarean delivery. Long-term follow-up of these vaginally delivered infants contradict the initial findings. Current debate surrounds the dilemma of whether the untoward complications of cesarean delivery are warranted given uncertain minimal increases in neonatal survival and improvement in neurologic outcome with planned cesarean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-536
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007


  • Breech presentation
  • Cesarean delivery
  • Perinatal morbidity
  • Perinatal mortality
  • Simulation training
  • Vaginal delivery

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