Two distinct time scales in the dynamics of a dense hard-sphere liquid

Chandan Dasgupta, Oriol T. Valls

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The dynamic behavior of a dense hard-sphere liquid is studied by numerically integrating a set of Langevin equations that incorporate a free energy functional of the Ramakrishnan-Yussouff form. At relatively low densities, the system remains, during the time scale of our simulation, in the neighborhood of the metastable local minimum of the free energy that represents a uniform liquid. At higher densities, the system is found to fluctuate near the uniform liquid minimum for a characteristic period of time before making a transition to an inhomogeneous minimum of the free energy. The time that the system spends in the vicinity of the liquid minimum before making a transition to another one defines a new time scale of the dynamics. This time scale is found to decrease sharply as the density is increased above a characteristic value. Implications of these observations on the interpretation of experimental and numerical data on the dynamics of supercooled liquids are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3916-3924
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1994

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