Application of polymer waveguide microring resonators for high-frequency ultrasound detection is presented. The device consists of a microring optical resonator coupled to a straight optical waveguide which serves as input and output ports. Acoustic waves irradiating the ring waveguide induce strain modifying the waveguide cross section. As a consequence, the effective refractive index of optical waves propagating along the ring is modified. The sharp wavelength dependence of the high Q-factor resonator enhances the optical response to acoustic strain. High sensitivity is demonstrated experimentally in detecting broadband ultrasound pulses from a 10 MHz transducer. Methods of extending the technique to form multi-element ultrasonic arrays for imaging applications are proposed.