Unemployed individuals: Motives, job-search competencies, and job-search constraints as predictors of job seeking and reemployment

Connie R. Wanberg, Ruth Kanfer, Maria Rotundo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated 3 broad classes of individual-differences variables (job-search motives, competencies, and constraints) as predictors of job-search intensity among unemployed job seekers. Also assessed was the relationship between job-search intensity and reemployment success in a longitudinal context. Results show significant relationships between the predictors employment commitment, financial hardship, job-search self-efficacy, and motivation control and the outcome job-search intensity. Support was not found for a relationship between perceived job-search constraints and job-search intensity. Motivation control was highlighted as the only lagged predictor of job-search intensity over time for those who were continuously unemployed. Job-search intensity predicted Time 2 reemployment status for the sample as a whole, but not reemployment quality for those who found jobs over the study's duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-910
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

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