Ursodeoxycholic acid choleresis: Relationship to biliary HCO3- and effects of Na+-H+ exchange inhibitors

E. L. Renner, J. R. Lake, E. J. Cragoe, R. W. Van Dyke, B. F. Scharschmidt

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Abstract

We have recently shown that substitution of Li+ for perfusate Na+ eliminates the HCO3--rich choleresis produced by ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in isolated perfused rat liver and that the increase in bile flow produced by both UDCA and taurocholic acid is partially inhibited by 1 mM amiloride. Although these findings are consistent with a role for Na+-H+ exchange in the choleresis produced by these bile acids, both Li+ substitution and amiloride affect other cellular processes, including Na+-K+-ATPase activity. We have not further explored both the relationship between UDCA-stimulated bile flow and biliary HCO3- secretion and the possible role of Na+-H+ exchange in this process by comparing the effects of amiloride with two of its more potent and presumably more specific analogues, 5-(N,N-dimethyl)amiloride hydrochloride (DMA) and 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIA). In the absence of inhibitor, UDCA increased biliary HCO3- concentration ([HCO3-]) up to an apparent maximum of 60-70 mM, and bile flow and biliary HCO3- output appeared to be linearly related over a sixfold range of bile flow rates. Amiloride, DMA, and EIA each produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of UDCA-stimulated bile flow and biliary HCO3- output with an apparent rank order potency (EIA > DMA > amiloride) similar to that reported for inhibition of Na+-H+ exchange in other systems. None of the inhibitors significantly altered biliary UDCA output or the relationship between UDCA-induced bile flow and either biliary [HCO3-] or biliary HCO3- output. Effects of these inhibitors did not appear attributable either to nonspecific toxicity, as reflected by hepatic release of lactate dehydrogenase or K+, or to inhibition of hepatic Na+-K+-ATPase, measured as Na+-dependent uptake of 86Rb. In contrast to their effects on UDCA choleresis, these inhibitors had little or no effect on basal bile flow, biliary [HCO3-], and biliary HCO3- output. These findings indicate that UDCA-induced but not basal bile formation is closely coupled to biliary HCO3- concentration and output, and they provide additional evidence that UDCA choleresis requires an intact Na+-H+ exchange mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume254
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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