Comprehensive electrophysiology study with radiofrequency ablation requires a number of intracardiac catheters. To reduce the number of catheters placed in children, the authors evaluated a series of customized catheters that combined the functions of two catheters. The customized 6F catheter contains eight electrodes placed in a pairs at 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 cm from the tip for recording the His electrogram and at the tip for right ventricular pacing. The amplitude of the bundle of His potential recorded through the His right ventricular apex (RVA) catheter (n = 63) and the ventricular pacing threshold (in mA) (n = 48) were measured and compared to the maximal bundle of His potential recorded with a 6F hexapolar catheter in 24 and 13 other patients, respectively. The relationship between the distance from the distal electrode pair at the tip and the third electrode from the tip (the His/RVA distance) and patient size was analyzed in 42 patients. Following the initial study in the 90 patients, the selection of the optimal His/RVA catheter for 19 patients was determined by examining the regression plots derived from the first group of 90 patients. The measured His/RVA distance was then determined by noting the His/RVA distance of the catheter used. Regression analysis was then used to evaluate the fit between the predicted His/RVA distance based on weight, height, or body surface area (BSA) and the observed His/RVA distance. The maximal bundle of His electrogram measured in the two groups using the His/RVA catheter was compared. To evaluate catheter stability during the study, the amplitude of the maximal His potential was measured in the 19 patients at the onset, midpoint, and end of the study. The maximal His potential recorded through the octapolar catheter (0.21 mV) was significantly (P < .04) greater than that recorded through the hexapolar catheter (0.10 mV). The mean ventricular threshold measured through the octapolar catheter (0.44 mA) was significantly (P < .001) less than that measured through the hexapolar catheter (1.13 mA). There was a significant (P < .0001) correlation between BSA, weight, and height and the His/RVA distance. There was no significant difference in the mean maximal amplitude of the His potential (0.21 ± 0.31 mV vs 0.15 ± 0.12 mV) recorded through the His/RVA catheter between the two groups. The His/RVA distance estimated by weight, when plotted against the measured distance, demonstrated a good correlation (r = .84) between the expected His/RVA distance based on the subject's weight and that actually observed. In 18 of 19 subjects, the first catheter based on the patient's weight (in kilograms) predicted the appropriate and only catheter used. There was no significant difference in the mean maximal bundle of His electrogram recorded at the beginning of the study (0.15 ± 0.12 mV), midway into the study (0.15 ± 0.11 mV), and at the end (0.13 ± 0.13 mV); however, there was extensive variation within individuals and over time. These data support the recording of a stable, high-quality bundle of His electrogram and RVA pacing through a single catheter system and, hence, have important, practical implications for invasive electrophysiologic studies in children.
- supraventr icular tachycardia