Climate change and degradation of ecosystem services functioning may threaten the ability of current agricultural systems to keep up with demand for adequate and inexpensive food and for clean water, waste disposal and other broader ecosystem services. Human health is likely to be affected by changes occurring across multiple geographic and time scales. Impacts range from increasing transmissibility and the range of vectorborne diseases, such as malaria and yellow fever, to undermining nutrition through deleterious impacts on food production and concomitant increases in food prices. This paper uses case studies to describe methods that make use of satellite remote sensing and Demographic and Health Survey data to better understand individual-level human health and nutrition outcomes. By bringing these diverse datasets together, the connection between environmental change and human health outcomes can be described through new research and analysis.
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Acknowledgments Brown acknowledges the support of USAID and NASA Grants funding research on food security and environmental change. Shively acknowledges the research assistance of Celeste Sununtnasuk and support provided by the Bureau of Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade, US Agency for International Development through the Global Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program (Grants AID-OAA-10-00005 and AID-OAA-10-00006). The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsoring agency.