Utilizing temporal measurements from UAVs to assess root lodging in maize and its impact on productivity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Both stalk and root lodging can cause significant yield losses in maize; however, maize plants are often able to recover from root lodging. There is potential among breeding programs for developing lines that are more tolerant and can more rapidly recover from root lodging. We assessed the incidence of root lodging utilizing end-of-season lodging scores collected among the Genomes 2 Fields (G2F) initiative trials and found a large yet variable incidence of lodging across states, years, and genotypes. Lodging in this dataset was scored manually at the end of the season, and little is known about the drivers of lodging and lodging recovery. We therefore developed an approach for utilizing temporal plant height measurements collected from unmanned aerial vehicles to capture in-season lodging and recovery in a yield trial consisting of 24 maize hybrids planted in replicate under two dates and three planting densities in St Paul, MN in the summers of 2018 and 2019. We found that growth rates during vegetative development as well as the developmental timing of plants when exposed to a storm are predictive of the amount of lodging maize plots will experience. We also found that utilizing temporal height measurements can help in not just estimating lodging and early vegetative growth rates, but that utilizing these estimates can also aid in assessing end of season yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108014
JournalField Crops Research
Volume262
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Minnesota Corn Research and Promotion Council. S.B.T. was funded by the University of Minnesota Graduate Opportunity Fellowship, the University of Minnesota APS Metric Funds Fellowship, and a Monsanto/University of Minnesota Multifunctional Agriculture Initiative Graduate Student Fellowship.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Minnesota Corn Research and Promotion Council. S.B.T. was funded by the University of Minnesota Graduate Opportunity Fellowship , the University of Minnesota APS Metric Funds Fellowship , and a Monsanto/University of Minnesota Multifunctional Agriculture Initiative Graduate Student Fellowship .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Maize
  • Plant height
  • Root lodging
  • UAV phenotyping
  • Yield

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