Variability: Noise or information in ecotoxicology?

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    15 Scopus citations


    There can be considerable variability between species, and within species between genotypes, in responses to toxicants. This needs to be controlled in running ecotoxicity tests and taken into account in carrying out ecological risk assessments. This paper addresses these two aspects of the problem and describes the methodology involved in each.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)121-123
    Number of pages3
    JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
    Issue number2-3
    StatePublished - Oct 15 1996


    • Ecosystem
    • Ecotoxicity test
    • Ring test
    • Risk assessment
    • Uncertainty

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