Variational transition state theory with least-action tunneling calculations for the kinetic isotope effects in the Cl+H2 reaction: Tests of extended-LEPS, information-theoretic, and diatomics-in-molecules potential energy surfaces

Susan C. Tucker, Donald G. Truhlar, Bruce C. Garrett, Alan D. Isaacson

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Abstract

We apply conventional and variational transition state theory with least-action-ground-state and other transmission coefficients to calculate the rate constants and kinetic isotope effects for the reaction Cl+H 2→HCl+H. First we consider collinear reactions and compare the calculated results to accurate quantal results for a given potential energy surface. This tests the dynamical methods and shows that they are reliable enough for testing potential energy surfaces. We then make calculations for the three-dimensional reactions employing 11 potential energy surfaces that have been proposed in previous work. Seven of the surfaces are extended LEPS surfaces, as proposed by Persky, Klein, and Stern; Truhlar, Magnuson, and Garrett; and Valencich and co-workers; one is an information-theoretic-bond- order-plus-anti-Morse-bend surface (called AL/AB) proposed by Agmon, Levine, Truhlar, Magnuson, and Garrett; and the final three surfaces are a diatomics-in-molecules-plus-three-center-terms surface proposed by Baer and Last and two diatomics-in-molecules surfaces proposed by Isaacson and Muckerman. Three of the surfaces (the final surface of Persky, Klein, and Stern; the first surface of Truhlar, Magnuson, and Garrett; and the AL/AB surface-all of which have relatively symmetric saddle points) are shown to be more reasonable than the others for predicting the rate constants and the H2/D2 and the HD/DH kinetic isotope effects. The calculations also indicate that the room temperature rate constants are dominated by quantum mechanical tunneling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4102-4119
Number of pages18
JournalThe Journal of chemical physics
Volume82
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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