Verifying an F1 screen for identification and quantification of rare Bacillus thuringiensis resistance alleles in field populations of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis

Bisong Yue, Fangneng Huang, B. Rogers Leonard, Steven Moore, Roy Parker, David A. Andow, Don Cook, Karla Emfinger, Donna R. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using an F1 screen, 352 feral individuals of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), were examined for the presence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-resistance alleles. These insects represented four geographical populations collected in central and northeastern Louisiana, USA, and one field population from the Gulf Coast area of Texas, USA, during 2006. The F1 screen used various crosses between field-collected insects and a laboratory strain of Cry1Ab-resistant D. saccharalis, including both reciprocal crosses and group mating. F1 neonates of the crosses were screened for Bt resistance on Bt maize leaf tissue. One field-collected individual of D. saccharalis was shown to have a Bt-resistance allele. Based on Bayesian analysis procedures, the Bt-resistance allele frequency in the five populations of D. saccharalis was 0.0028 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.0003-0.0079. The successful identification of a resistance allele in a field collection of insects suggests that the F 1 screening technique could be an effective tool for detecting and monitoring rare Bt-resistance alleles in field populations of D. saccharalis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-180
Number of pages9
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume129
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • Bt maize
  • Crambidae
  • Insecticide resistance management
  • Lepidoptera
  • Resistance monitoring

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