Veritas observations of the BL Lac object 1ES 1218+304

V. A. Acciari, E. Aliu, T. Arlen, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, S. M. Bradbury, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, Y. Butt, K. L. Byrum, O. Celik, A. Cesarini, L. Ciupik, Y. C.K. Chow, P. Cogan, P. Colin, W. Cui, M. K. Daniel, T. Ergin, A. D. FalconeS. J. Fegan, J. P. Finley, P. Fortin, L. F. Fortson, A. Furniss, G. H. Gillanders, J. Grube, R. Guenette, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, E. Hays, J. Holder, D. Horan, C. M. Hui, T. B. Humensky, A. Imran, P. Kaaret, N. Karlsson, M. Kertzman, D. B. Kieda, J. Kildea, A. Konopelko, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, S. LeBohec, G. Maier, A. McCann, M. McCutcheon, P. Moriarty

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Abstract

The VERITAS collaboration reports the detection of very-high-energy gamma-ray emission from the highfrequency-peaked BL Lac object 1ES 1218+304 located at a redshift of z = 0.182. A gamma-ray signal was detected with a statistical significance of 10.4 standard deviations (10.4σ) for the observations taken during the first three months of 2007, confirming the discovery of this object made by the MAGIC collaboration. The photon spectrum between ∼ 160 GeV and ∼ 1.8 TeV is well described by a power law with an index of Γ = 3.08 ± 0.34stat ± 0.2sys. The integral flux is Φ (E > 200 GeV) = (12.2 ± 2.6) × 10-12 cm-2 s-1, which corresponds to ∼ 6% of that of the Crab Nebula. The light curve does not show any evidence for very high energy flux variability. Using lower limits on the density of the extragalactic background light in the near to mid-infrared, we are able to limit the range of intrinsic energy spectra for 1ES 1218+304. We show that the intrinsic photon spectrum has an index that is harder than Γ = 2.32 ± 0.37stat. When including constraints from the spectra of 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 0229+200, the spectrum of 1ES 1218+304 is likely to be harder than Γ = 1.86 ± 0.37stat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1370-1375
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume695
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported by grants from the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, and the Smithsonian Institution, by NSERC in Canada, by PPARC in the UK, and Science Foundation Ireland.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2009 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

Keywords

  • BL Lacertae objects: individual (1ES 1218+304)
  • Galaxies: active
  • Gamma rays: observations

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