Versatile Process for the Preparation of Nanocomposite Sorbents: Phosphorus and Arsenic Removal

John W. Brockgreitens, Fatemeh Heidari, Abdennour Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanomaterials are being increasingly utilized for environmental remediation. The use of these materials, however, is greatly hindered due to challenges in material handling and deployment. Here we present a novel nanocomposite synthesis method based on the direct growth of nanoparticles on and within solid support materials, referred to as Crescoating. In this work, iron and copper nanoparticles have been grown on polyurethane support materials using this process and applied as sorbents for dissolved phosphorus and arsenic in water, respectively. These nanocomposite sorbents exhibit rapid sorption with saturation occurring in less than 5 min. The loading capacity is 104.8 mg PO43- g-1 and 254.4 mg As(III) g-1 for the iron and copper nanocomposite sorbents respectively, which is up to four times higher than commercially available alternatives. In addition, phosphorus can be recovered from the iron nanocomposite sorbent. This coating by growth process produces nanocomposites that do not emit particles and has the capability to be scaled and applied to other nanoparticles for diverse pollutant sorption applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9034-9043
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume54
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, which receives partial support from National Science Foundation through the MRSEC program, and the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nano Coordinated Infrastructure Network, Award Number NNCI −1542202. This work was supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch project 1006789. The work presented here is the subject of an International Patent Application No. PCT/US2018/024100.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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