Assessment of the severity of coronary stenoses on arteriograms conventionally is based on subjective estimates of percent luminal diameter narrowing. However, in studies in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, we have found a poor correlation between percent stenosis and the physiologic significance of an individual coronary obstruction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether computerized videodensitometry would allow estimation of coronary luminal area and therefore prediction of the physiologic significance of individual coronary stenoses in humans. Videodensitometry was used to define the minimal luminal area of 15 left anterior descending, 15 circumflex, and 15 right coronary artery segments in 43 patients. Computer-assisted quantitative coronary arteriography (method of Brown et al) was used to determine the minimal luminal cross-sectional area of these same segments. In each arterial segment, coronary vasodilator reserve was assessed using intraoperative (n = 18 segments) or intracoronary (n = 27 segments) Doppler measurements of coronary vasodilator reserve. Videodensitometric estimates of coronary luminal area correlated well with minimal luminal area defined using the independent geometric technique of quantitative coronary arteriography (r = 0.82, y = 0.97 × + 0.71, SEE = 1.83 mm2, n = 45) and with lesion physiologic significance as defined by studies of the peak-to-resting velocity ratio (r = 0.71,0.92, and 0.74 for the left anterior descending, circumflex, and right coronary arteries, respectively). Thus, videodensitometry is a promising method that may supplement geometric approaches to quantitative analysis of coronary arteriograms in humans.
- Computerized arteriographic analysis
- Coronary arteriography
- Coronary artery disease