Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National of Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant and the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute. We thank Ajit Yoganathan and the members of the Georgia Tech Cardiovascular Fluid Mechanics Laboratory for providing us with the anatomic LV geometry used in this study. We thank Dr. Minh X. Nguyen at Microsoft Corporation for the fruitful flow visualization discussion. The first author is partially supported by a fellowship from Vietnam Education Foundation.