Objectives: To elaborate the imaging phenotype associated with a homozygous c.743C > del frameshift mutation in DAG1 leading to complete absence of both α- and β-dystroglycan previously reported in a consanguineous Israeli-Arab family. Methods: We analyzed prenatal and postnatal imaging data of patients from a consanguineous Israeli-Arab kindred harboring the DAG1 mutation. Results: The imaging studies (fetal ultrasound, CT scan and postnatal MRI) demonstrated: flat cortex (abnormally thick with irregular pebbled cortical-white matter border on MRI), hydrocephalus, scattered small periventricular heterotopia and subependymal hemorrhages and calcifications, z-shaped brainstem, and in addition an occipital encephalocele, vermian agenesis, and an elongated and thick tectum (tectocerebellar dysraphia). Conclusions: The novel association of cobblestone malformation with tectocerebellar dysraphia as part of WWS is characteristic of the homozygous c.743C > del frameshift mutation in the DAG1 gene.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 European Paediatric Neurology Society
- Cobblestone malformation complex
- Tectocerebellar dysraphia
- Walker-Warburg syndrome