Wear behavior in SiC-TiX multilayered nanocomposite coatings

A. R. Beaber, J. Hafiz, J. V.R. Heberlein, William W Gerberich, Steven L Girshick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


SiC-TiX (where 'X' includes oxides, carbides, or elemental Ti alone) multilayered nanocomposite coatings with layer thicknesses of 1 to 3 μm were deposited on molybdenum substrates through a hybrid process of nanoparticle impaction and chemical vapor deposition. Reactants are injected into a thermal plasma and undergo a rapid expansion through a converging nozzle, resulting in gas-phase particle nucleation and hypersonic impaction onto a substrate. While film growth is composed primarily of nanoparticles, excess vapor from the particle nucleation process forms a reactive boundary layer above the substrate and supports CVD growth. Embedded particles both inhibit grain growth in the matrix material during the deposition and enhance fracture toughness under compression. Consecutive deposition of SiC and TiX layers creates a film with layers of crystalline SiC nanoparticles embedded in a crystalline SiC matrix followed by Ti/TiO2/TiC/TiO composite layers. Both layers show an increased hardness without a change in the modulus compared to coarse-grained samples. While residual tensile stresses at the TiX-SiC interface suggest weak interlayer adhesion, the independent performance of the layers with respect to H3/E*2 suggests unique microstructural benefits inherent to the deposition process. These results demonstrate the potential for high strength nanocomposites with enhanced wear properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-775
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number5-7
StatePublished - Dec 25 2008


  • Graded films
  • Hard coatings
  • Nanocomposite
  • Silicon carbide
  • Wear resistant coatings

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