Two new DNA-mimicking brush polymers were synthesized: poly[oxy(11-(3-(9- adeninyl)propionato)-undecanyl-1-thiomethyl)ethylene] (PECH-AP) and poly[oxy(11-(5-(9-adenylethyloxy)-4-oxopentanoato)undecanyl-1-thiomethyl) ethylene] (PECH-AS). These polymers were found to be thermally stable up to 220 °C and could be applied easily by conventional coating processes to produce good quality films. Interestingly, both brush polymers formed molecular multibilayer structures to provide an adenine-rich surface. Despite the structural similarities, PECH-AS surprisingly exhibited higher hydrophilicity and better water sorption properties than PECH-AP. These differences were attributed to the chemical structures in the bristles of the polymers. The adenine-rich surfaces of the polymer films demonstrated selective protein adsorption, suppressed bacterial adherence, facilitated HEp-2 cell adhesion, and exhibited good biocompatibility in mice. However, the high hydrophilicity and good water sorption characteristics of the PECH-AS film suggest that this brush polymer is better suited to applications requiring good biocompatibility and reduced chance of bacterial infection compared with the PECH-AP film.