Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series III: Eisenstein series and twisted unstable Ar

B. Brubaker, D. Bump, S. Friedberg, J. Hoffstein

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Abstract

Weyl group multiple Dirichlet series were associated with a root system Φ and a number field F containing the n-th roots of unity by Brubaker, Bump, Chinta, Friedberg and Hoffstein [3] and Brubaker, Bump and Friedberg [4] provided n is sufficiently large; their coefficients involve n-th order Gauss sums. The case where n is small is harder, and is addressed in this paper when Φ = Ar. "Twisted" Dirichet series are considered, which contain the series of [4] as a special case. These series are not Euler products, but due to the twisted multiplicativity of their coefficients, they are determined by their p-parts. The p-part is given as a sum of products of Gauss sums, parametrized by strict Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns. It is conjectured that these multiple Dirichlet series are Whittaker coefficients of Eisenstein series on the n-fold metaplectic cover of GLr+1, and this is proved if r = 2 or n = 1. The equivalence of our definition with that of Chinta [11] when n = 2 and r ≤ 5 is also established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-316
Number of pages24
JournalAnnals of Mathematics
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

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