What Do Unions Do for Mothers? Paid Maternity Leave Use and the Multifaceted Roles of Labor Unions

Tae Youn Park, Eun Suk Lee, John W. Budd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors present a four-fold conceptual framework of union roles—with a focus on availability, awareness, affordability, and assurance—for enhancing workers’ paid maternity leave use. Using a panel data set of working women up to age 31 constructed from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, the authors find union-represented workers to be at least 17% more likely to use paid maternity leave than are comparable non-union workers. Additional results suggest that availability, awareness, and affordability contribute to this differential leave-taking. The authors also document a post-leave wage growth penalty for paid leave-takers, but do not find a significant union–non-union difference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)662-692
Number of pages31
JournalILR Review
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • female labor
  • labor union
  • maternity benefits
  • work–family policies

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