All carbon electronics based on graphene have been an elusive goal. For more than a decade, the inability to produce significant band-gaps in this material has prevented the development of graphene electronics. We demonstrate a new approach to produce semiconducting graphene that uses a submonolayer concentration of nitrogen on SiC sufficient to pin epitaxial graphene to the SiC interface as it grows. The resulting buckled graphene opens a band gap greater than 0.7 eV in the otherwise continuous metallic graphene sheet.
- graphite thin film
- silicon carbide