Young Adults’ Inferences Surrounding an Alleged Sexual Assault: Alcohol Consumption, Gender, Dress, and Appearance Schematicity

Kim K P Johnson, Hae Won Ju, Juanjuan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 2 (dress) × 2 (victim alcohol use) × 2 (perpetrator alcohol use) between subjects factorial design was used to investigate the influence of dress, alcohol use, and gender of participants on inferences made by college students (N = 430) about an alleged victim and perpetrator of a sexual assault. Whether being schematic on appearance moderated the influence of dress was also tested. Dress of the victim and alcohol use significantly influenced inferences of the alleged victim and the perpetrator. There was an interaction effect for dress, alcohol use, and gender on inferences concerning the perpetrator. Wearing body-revealing dress and alcohol use by the alleged victim were interpreted as a sign of the sexual interest of the victim. Alcohol use by the alleged perpetrator influenced inferences concerning the believability of his statements. Being schematic on appearance did not appear to moderate the influence of dress on participants' perceptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-142
Number of pages16
JournalClothing and Textiles Research Journal
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • alcohol consumption
  • appearance schema
  • date rape
  • dress
  • perceptions

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