Young children's energy expenditure and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on weekdays and weekends

Jung Eun Lee, David F. Stodden, Zan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Few studies have examined young children's leisure- and school-based energy expenditure (EE) and moderateto-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The purpose of this study was to explore children's estimated EE rates and time spent in MVPA in 3 time segments: at-school, after-school, and weekends. Methods: A total of 187 second and third grade children from 2 elementary schools participated in the study. Accelerometers were used to assess children's 5-day EE and MVPA. Multiple 2 (Grade) × 2 (Gender) ANOVAs with repeated measures (Time) were conducted to examine the differences in the outcome variables. Results: Significant time effects on EE and MVPA were revealed. Children's EE rate and minutes in MVPA per day were higher during after school and weekends than at school. Conclusions: Although children were more active outside of school, their MVPA during weekdays and weekends still fell far short of the recommended level of 60 minutes/day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1016
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Copyright:
Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Calories per hour
  • Metabolic equivalents
  • Total calories

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