Young Chinese children's anger and distress: Emotion category and intensity identified by the time course of behaviors

Jie He, Peihua Qiu, Ka Young Park, Qinmei Xu, Michael Potegal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A hierarchical cluster analysis of the time course of the videotaped reactions of 75 Chinese 2-4-year olds to mothers' toy-removal identified Distress, Low Anger, and High Anger behavior clusters. Anger often begins at low intensity; some children then escalate. The face-validity of Low and High Anger-cluster classifications was supported in that High Anger was displayed by a subset of the children who had first showed Low Anger. The three clusters had different and interpretable correlations with mothers' temperament ratings. Developmentally, 2-year-olds displayed more Distress, including crying; 3-year-olds showed more Low Anger, including stamp-jump. While Low Anger is predominant during toy-removal in Chinese children, it is, contrastingly, the least-frequent component in the tantrums of North American children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • anger
  • children
  • cluster analysis
  • distress
  • frustration
  • trajectory analysis

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