4-(Nitrooxy)-butyl-(S)-2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl)-propanoate (AZD3582) is a cyclooxygenase (COX)-inhibiting nitric oxide donator (CINOD). It donates nitric oxide (NO) in biological systems through as yet unidentified mechanisms. cGMP, a marker of intracellularly generated NO, was increased up to 27-fold over basal levels by AZD3582 (1-30 μM) in LLC-PK1 kidney epithelial cells. A 5 h pretreatment with glyceryl tinitrate (GTN, 0.1-1 μM) attenuated the cGMP response to a subsequent challenge with AZD3582 or GTN. Similarly, AZD3582 (10-30 μM) pretreatment reduced the increase in cGMP on subsequent incubation with AZD3582 or GTN. In contrast, cGMP stimulation by SIN-1, which releases NO independently of enzymatic catalysis, remained unimpaired in cells pretreated with GTN or AZD3582. Our results demonstrate that AZD3582 decreases the sensitivity of the guanylyl cyclase/cGMP system to GTN and vice versa. This suggests that bioactivation pathways for organic nitrates, which involve enzymatic catalysis, may be responsible for NO donation from AZD3582.
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- Glyceryl trinitrate
- Nitric oxide
- Nitric oxide donator