A constrained, total-variation minimization algorithm for low-intensity x-ray CT

Emil Y. Sidky, Yuval Duchin, Xiaochuan Pan, Christer Ullberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The authors developed an iterative image-reconstruction algorithm for application to low-intensity computed tomography projection data, which is based on constrained, total-variation (TV) minimization. The algorithm design focuses on recovering structure on length scales comparable to a detector bin width. Methods: Recovering the resolution on the scale of a detector bin requires that pixel size be much smaller than the bin width. The resulting image array contains many more pixels than data, and this undersampling is overcome with a combination of Fourier upsampling of each projection and the use of constrained, TV minimization, as suggested by compressive sensing. The presented pseudocode for solving constrained, TV minimization is designed to yield an accurate solution to this optimization problem within 100 iterations. Results: The proposed image-reconstruction algorithm is applied to a low-intensity scan of a rabbit with a thin wire to test the resolution. The proposed algorithm is compared to filtered backprojection (FBP). Conclusions: The algorithm may have some advantage over FBP in that the resulting noise level is lowered at equivalent contrast levels of the wire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S117-S125
JournalMedical Physics
Volume38
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported, in part, by NIH R01 Grant Nos. CA120540 and EB000225, and a Pilot Project Award from NIH SPORE Grant No. P50CA090386. The contents of this article are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Keywords

  • CT image reconstruction
  • compressive sensing
  • iterative methods
  • low dose CT

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