A risk assessment infrastructure for powered wheelchair motion commands without full sensor coverage

Pouria Talebifard, Junaed Sattar, Ian M. Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Smart powered wheelchairs offer the possibility of enhanced mobility to a large and growing population - most notably older adults - and a key feature of such a chair is collision avoidance. Sensors are required to detect nearby obstacles; however, complete sensor coverage of the immediate neighbourhood is challenging for reasons including financial, computational, aesthetic, user identity and sensor reliability. It is also desirable to predict the future motion of the wheelchair based on potential input signals; however, direct modeling and control of commercial wheelchairs is not possible because of proprietary internals and interfaces. In this paper we design a dynamic egocentric occupancy map which maintains information about local obstacles even when they are outside the field of view of the sensor system, and we construct a neural network model of the mapping between joystick inputs and wheelchair motion. Using this map and model infrastructure, we can evaluate a variety of risk assessment metrics for collaborative control of a smart wheelchair. One such metric is demonstrated on a wheelchair with a single RGB-D camera in two scenarios: a doorway traversal where the near edge of the doorframe is no longer visible to the camera as the chair makes its turn, and a longer navigation through a typical cluttered office environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIROS 2014 Conference Digest - IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3592-3597
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479969340
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2014
Event2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Sep 14 2014Sep 18 2014

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
ISSN (Print)2153-0858
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0866

Other

Other2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period9/14/149/18/14

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